Phone 212-263-7951 Fax 212-263-0462
Francis V. Adams, M.D.
Francis V. Adams, M.D.

Lung Infections

Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs, usually caused by an infection. It is very common in the US—about 2 million Americans develop pneumonia each year and upwards of 70,000 people die from it, especially those over age 65 or who have an immune problem such as AIDS.

Pneumonia is most often caused by bacteria or viruses, but can also be due to a fungus or a parasite. Many types of pneumonia can be treated effectively with antibiotics.

Doctors often divide pneumonia into two main types, depending on whether the person caught it while living at home (community-acquired pneumonia) or while staying in a hospital or nursing home (hospital-acquired pneumonia). The types of bacteria responsible for pneumonia that someone catches in the community tend to be different, and often less severe, from those that cause hospital-acquired pneumonia.

recommended reading
These articles provide in-depth information and are written to help you make the best healthcare decisions for you and your loved ones.
Acute Bronchitis
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Infection
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
Tuberculosis (TB)

decision points
When dealing with an illness or health problem, you have to make decisions—when to call a doctor, which test to have, and what treatment to use. Decision Points are designed to help you learn about your choices and options, and to prepare you to work with your healthcare provider to make the best decision for your care.
Should I take antibiotics for acute bronchitis?
Should I start antiretroviral medications for asymptomatic HIV infection?

action sets
Action Sets are designed to help you take an active role in managing a health condition. Action Sets provide the tools and information you can use in the day-to-day management of your health conditions.
Taking antiretroviral medications for HIV infection
tests & procedures

You doctor may recommend one or more of the following tests to evaluate your condition.

Chest X-Ray
Complete Blood Count (CBC)
Viral Testing

For other tests and diagnostic procedures use the section of this site called Medical Tests A to Z .

Influenza Virus Vaccine
Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (Pneumovax)
Quit Smoking



medication center
medication assistance

This section provides you with an alphabetical listing of more than 1,000 medications, including prescription drugs and those you can purchase over-the-counter. Just "click on" your medications to learn what they are used for, how to take them, special precautions, and some of the possible side effects. You can choose your medication by brand name or generic name.

Medications A-Z

If you are having difficulty paying for your medications you may qualify for financial assistance or free medications. Visit the Medication Assistance Center to learn about available medication and insurance programs.

Don't let financial problems stop you from getting the treatment you need; there are resources and organizations that may be able to help you.

additional resources

This listing provides you with Internet sites that are sponsored by government agencies or are well-known and credible national organizations.

American Lung Association

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention



National Foundation for Infectious Diseases

Surfing the Internet
When looking at Internet sites, remember that the information can be sponsored by anyone. Take into account the sponsoring group or individual when gathering information or help. Be especially careful about giving out personal or financial information.

Learn more about surfing the web:

Bronquitis y pulmonía - [Bronchitis and Pneumonia]

Gripe - [Influenza]

Infecciones por virus y por bacterias - [Viral or Bacterial?]

Tuberculosis - [Tuberculosis]

Vacunas - [Immunizations]

Last modified on: 30 June 2015